Stepping Motor Speed Adjustment Method

- Jul 19, 2018-

Stepping motor speed adjustment method


After selecting the model of the stepper motor and the driver according to the load, torque, etc., also refers to the  setting of the parameter of the stepping motor speed in the specific application. Suggested adoption the pulse frequency of the input stepper driver and the subdivision parameters of the stepping motor controller  are used to adjust the speed of the stepping motor. In fact, it is to control the number of steps of the stepper motor in unit time. Regular adjustment step method of motor speed is divided into the following types:


First, the commutator motor speed


Advantages: 

1 has a simple structure of AC synchronous motor and good speed regulation performance of DC motor;

2 When the low speed is used, the power supply voltage and the stepping motor back EMF at the high speed are naturally commutated, and the operation is reliable;

3 No additional slip loss, high efficiency, suitable for start-up and speed regulation of high-speed large-capacity synchronous motor.


Disadvantages: The overload capacity is low, and the capacity of the original motor cannot be fully utilized.


Second, the stator voltage regulation


Advantages: 1 simple circuit, small size and low price; 2 convenient for use and maintenance.


Disadvantages: 1 increase the slip loss during the speed regulation process, this loss makes the rotor heat, the efficiency is low; 

2 the speed range is relatively small; 

3 requires the use of high slip motor, such as specially designed torque motor,

Therefore, the characteristics are soft, generally suitable for asynchronous motors below 55kW.


Third, the rotor string resistance speed regulation


Advantages: 1 low technical requirements, easy to master; 

2 low equipment costs; 3 no electromagnetic harmonic interference.


Disadvantages: 

1 string cast iron resistor can only be used for stepwise speed regulation. If the liquid resistance is used for stepless speed regulation, the maintenance and maintenance requirements are high; 

2 the additional slip power during the speed regulation process is converted into the loss in the form of string resistance heating is low. 3 The speed range is not large.


Fourth, electromagnetic slip clutch speed regulation


Advantages: 

1 simple structure, small control device capacity, low value; 

2 reliable operation, easy maintenance; 

3 no harmonic interference.


Disadvantages: 

1 speed loss is large, because the electromagnetic slip clutch itself has a large difference, so the maximum speed of the output shaft is only 80% to 90% of the synchronous speed of the motor;

2 The part is converted into heat loss in the form of heat, which is inefficient.


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